Lesson 12




Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

C Name the author of the books of I and II Thessalonians.

C Identify to whom the books were written.

C State the purposes for I and II Thessalonians.

C Write the Key Verses of the books of I and II Thessalonians from memory.

C State the Life and Ministry Principles for the books.




TO WHOM: Believers at Thessalonica

PURPOSE: To confirm that the Lord is coming back: To commend and exhort for the faith and correct false doctrine . Paul also answers false charges against his ministry.

KEY VERSES: 4:16-18

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Comfort should focus on the glorious hope of the return of Jesus Christ.

MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Silvanus, Timotheus

I. Introduction : 1:1

A. From: Paul, Silvanus, and Timotheus.

B. To: Believers at Thessalonica.

C. Grace and peace from God and Jesus: 1 :1

II. Looking back: 1:2-3:13

A. Exemplary conversion to Christ: 1:2-10

1. Power of the Gospel: 1:2-5

2. Examples of the Gospel: 1:5-6

a. The believers at Thessalonica followed the example of Paul: 1:5-


b. They became examples to other believers: 1 :7

3. Witnesses of the Gospel: 1:8-10

a. The faith of the Thessalonian believers was spread in every place:


b. Their testimony was witness to the truth of the Gospel: 1:9-10

B. Exemplary evangelism: 2:1-20

1. In motive: 2:1 -6

a. Not in vanity : 2:1

b. In boldness: 2:2

c. Not in deceit, uncleanness, or guile: 2:3

d. To please God rather than men: 2:4

e. Without flattering words: 2 :5

f. Without covetousness : 2:5

g. Not to seek glory of men: 2:6

2. In conduct: 2:7-11

a. Gentleness : 2:7

b. Dealing as a nurse with children : 2:7

c. In affection: 2 :8

d. In labor and travail: 2 :9

e. With proper behavior: 2:10

f. As a father with children: 2:11

3. In message: 2:12-13

a. That you walk worthy of God: 2:12

b. It was based on the Word of God: 2:13

4. In reception: 2:13-16

a. The nature of their reception of the Word: 2:13

b. The result of their reception of the Word: 2:14-16

(l) They became imitators of the Judean churches: 2:14

(2) They entered the fellowship of suffering for the Word:

2: 14-16

C. Exemplary follow up care of converts: 3:1-13

1. Their concern: 3:1-5

a. Their motive: 3:1

b. The sending of Timothy : 3:2

c. Description of the one sent: 3:2

(1) Our brother.

(2) Minister.

(3) Fellow -laborer in the Gospel.

d. The purpose in sending Timothy: 3:2-4

(1) To establish you : 3:2

(2) To comfort you: 3:2

(3) To encourage stability despite afflictions: 3:3-4

(4) To guard from the tempter: 3:5

(5) To protect their labor: 3:5

2. The follow up process: 3:6-8

a. The contents of Timothy’s report: 3:6

b. The reaction to Timothy’s report: 3:7-10

(1) Comfort and encouragement: 3:7-8

(2) Thanksgiving and prayer: 3:9-13

III. Looking ahead: Conduct in light of the return of the Lord: 4:1-5:24

A. God-pleasing conduct: 4:1-2

B. Sanctification: 4:3-8

1. The basis for sanctification: It is God’s will: 4:3

2. The application of sanctification: 4:3-8

a. To abstain from fornication: 4:3-5

b. To abstain from defrauding a brother: 4:6

C. Reasons for proper conduct: 4:6-8

1. Sin brings God’s vengeance: 4 :6

2. Proper conduct is in accord with the call of God: 4:7

3. Rejection of proper conduct is rejection of God: 4:8

D. Brotherly love: 4:9-10

1. Commendation of their love : 4:9

2. Exhortation to further love: 4:10

E. Exhortations to be industrious: 4:11-12

1. Study to be quiet: 4:11

2. Do your own business: 4:11

3. Work with your own hands: 4:11

4. Walk honestly toward unbelievers: 4:12

F. Instructions concerning the dead in Christ: 4:12-18

1. The need for proper instruction: 4:12-13

2. The relation of the dead to the returning Christ: 4:14-15

a. The dead in Christ will be brought with Him: 4:14

b. The living will not precede the dead in Christ: 4:15

3. The manner and results of Christ’s coming: 4:16-17

a. The manner of His coming: 4:16

b. The results of His coming: 4:16-17

(1) The dead raised first: 4:16

(2) The living caught up: 4:17

(3) Believers forever with the Lord: 4:17

4. The comfort in these words to be utilized by believers: 4:18

G. Watchfulness in view of the Lord’s coming: 5:1-11

1. Uncertainty in the time of His coming : 5:1-2

a. Their lack of need for instruction: 5 :1

b. Their knowledge concerning the manner of His coming : 5:2

2. The result of this uncertainty for those who are unprepared: 5:3

3. The effect of this uncertainty upon believers: 5:4-11

a. Be prepared: 5:4

b. Walk in the light: 5:5

c. Do not sleep spiritually : 5:6

d. Watch: 5:6

e. Be sober: 5:6-8

f. Put on the breastplate of faith and love: 5 :8

4. The assurance of the believer: 5:9-11

a. Appointed to salvation, not to wrath: 5:9-10

b. Comfort and edification because of this hope: 5:11

H. Church relationships: 5:12-15

1. Know those who labor among you and are over you: 5:12

2. Esteem them highly because of their labor on behalf of you: 5:13

3. Warn the unruly: 5:14

4. Comfort the feebleminded: 5:14

5. Support the weak: 5:14

6. Be patient towards all: 5:14

7. Do not return evil for evil: 5:15

8. Follow that which is good: 5:15

I. Personal conduct: 5:16-22

1. Rejoice evermore: 5:16

2. Pray without ceasing: 5:17

3. In every thing give thanks: 5:18

4. Quench not the Spirit: 5:19

5. Despise not prophesying: 5:20

6. Prove all things: 5:21

7. Hold fast that which is good: 5:21

8. Abstain from the appearance of evil: 5:22

IV. Conclusion: 5:23-28

A. A blessing upon them: 5:23-24

B. Request for prayer: 5:25

C. Greetings: 5:26

D. The charge: 5:27

E. The wish for grace of the Lord: 5:28




TO WHOM: Church at Thessalonica

PURPOSE: To instruct believers waiting for the return of the Lord. KEY VERSE: 2:3

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Since there will be a great falling away before the day of the Lord, it is important to teach and live by sound doctrine.

MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Silvanus, and Timotheus

I. Introduction: 1:1-2

A. From Paul, Silvanus, and Timotheus: 1:1

B. To the church of the Thessalonians: 1:1

C. Grace and peace from God and Jesus: 1 :2

II. Comfort in the hope of Christ’s return: 1:3-12

A. Thanksgiving for their Christian example: 1:3-4

1. The reasons for the thanksgiving: 1:3

a. Their faith groweth exceedingly: 1:3

b. They have charity towards each other: 1:3

2. The effect of their conduct upon the writers: 1:4

B. Comfort in the righteous judgment of God: 1:5-10

1. The indication of God’s righteous judgment: 1:5

2. The revelation of God’s righteous judgment: 1:6-8

a. The outcome of His judgment: 1:6-7

(1) God sends tribulation to them that trouble : 1:6

(2) Those who are troubled will find rest when the Lord

returns: 1:7

b.  The time of the judgment: When the Lord is revealed from

Heaven with His angels : 1:7

c. The subjects of the judgment: 1:8

(1) Those that know not God.

(2) Those that obey not the Gospel of the Lord Jesus.

3. The consequences of God’s righteous judgment: 1:9-10

a. Eternal punishment of the lost: 1:9

b. Glorification of the saints : 1 :1 0

C. Prayer for the believers: 1:11-12

1. The content of the prayer: 1:11

a. That God would count you worthy of this calling: 1:11

b. That God will fulfill all the good pleasure of His goodness: 1:11

c. That God will fulfill the work of faith with power: 1:11

2. The purpose of the prayer: That the name of Jesus may be glorified in

you and you in Him: 1:12

III. Caution regarding the time of Christ’s return: 2:1-17

A. Paul’s concern : 2:1-2

l. His concern is about the coming of the day of the Lord: 2:1

2. Attitudes prohibited: 2 :2

a. Being shaken in mind.

b. Being troubled in spirit, word, or letter.

c. Believing that it has already happened.

B. Signs of the end: 2:3-12

1. A great falling away: 2:3

2. The man of sin (antichrist) is revealed : 2:3-6

a. He opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God:


b. He will sit as God in the temple: 2:4

c. He will claim to be God: 2 :4

d. He will be revealed in his time : 2:5-6

3. He already is at work in the world, but will not be revealed until the

Holy Spirit is removed: 2:7-8

4. His destiny: 2 :8

a. The Lord will consume him with the spirit of His mouth : 2:8

b. The Lord will destroy him with the brightness of His coming: 2:8

5. Signs by which to recognize the antichrist: 2:9-12

a. He will come after the working of Satan: 2:9

b. He will have power, signs , and lying wonders: 2:9

c. He will deceive with unrighteousness them that perish because

they received not the truth unto salvation: 2:10

d. He will cause strong delusions: 2:11

e. He will bring to damnation those who: 2:12

(1) Believed not the truth.

(2) Had pleasure in unrighteousness.

C. A prayer for the Thessalonian believers: 2:13-17

1. Thanksgiving because of God’s choice of them: 2:13-14

a. He chose them to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit

and belief of the truth: 2:13

b. He called them by the Gospel to the obtaining of the glory of

Jesus: 2: 14

2. Exhortation to steadfastness : Hold fast that which you have been taught:

2: 15

3. A prayer for their comfort and stability: 2:16-17

a. The ones to whom the prayer is directed: 2:16

b. Contents of the prayer: 2:17

(1) Comfort you.

(2) Stablish you in every good word and work.

IV. Commands in the light of Christ’s return: 3:1-15

A. A command to pray: 3:1-2

1. For liberty to spread the Gospel: 3:1

2. For safety of the messengers: 3:2

a. From unreasonable men.

b. From wicked men.

c. From all who do not have the faith.

B. A command to grow spiritually: 3:3-5

1. Be established in the Lord: 3:3

2. Be kept from evil in the Lord: 3 :3

3. Do the things commanded: 3 :4

4. Direct your hearts into the love of God : 3:5

5. Wait patiently for the return of Christ: 3:5

C. Commands regarding conduct and relationships: 3:6-12

1. Withdraw from those who walk disorderly and not according to the

Word: 3:6

2. Follow right examples of spiritual leadership: 3:7-10

3. Each believer is to be productive: 3:10-12

4. Do not be weary in well-doing: 3:13

5. Have no company with those who do not obey the Word: 3:14

6. Do not count the disorderly as enemies, but admonish them as brothers:

3: 15

V. Conclusion: 3:16-18

A. The supplication: 3:16

l. The Lord give you peace.

2. The Lord be with you all.

B. The authentication: Signature by the hand of Paul: 1:17

C. The benediction: 1:18