Lesson 16

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

HEBREWS

OBJECTIVES:

Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

C Name the author of the book of Hebrews.

C Identify to whom the book of Hebrews was written.

C State the purpose for the book of Hebrews.

C Write the Key Verse of the book of Hebrews from memory.

C State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Hebrews.

INTRODUCTION

AUTHOR: Paul

TO WHOM: Jewish (Hebrew) believers

PURPOSE: To present Jesus Christ as superior over all. KEY VERSE: 8:6

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Jesus is the mediator of a better covenant established on better promises.

MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Abraham, Moses, Aaron, Melchizedek. See also the list of names in Hebrews chapter 1 1.

OUTLINE

I. The superior exponent: Jesus is superior to the prophets: 1:1-4

A. God’s revelation by the prophets to the fathers: 1 :1

1. At various times.

2. In various manners.

B. God’s revelation by His Son: 1:2-4

1. God now has spoken through Christ: 1:2

2. Universal dominion has been given the Son : 1:2

3. Christ’s redemptive work is accomplished: 1:3-4

II. A superior mediator: 1:3-2:18

A. Jesus is superior over angels: 1:3-4

1. By inheritance.

2. By name.

B. Christ’s superiority to angels is evident in the Old Testament: 1:5-14

1. Angels: 1:5-7

2. The Son, Jesus Christ: 1:8-12

3. Angels: 1:13-14

C. (First) Warning passage: 2 :1-4

1. Exhortation : 2:1

2. Old Testament example: 2:2

3. Present obligation in view of this warning: 2:3-4

D. Christ’s superiority to angels is not contradicted by His humanity: 2:5-8

1. Angels: 2:5

2. The Son: 2:6-8

E. Christ’ superiority to angels is not contradicted by His suffering: 2:9-18

1. Suffering was necessary to complete His identification with humanity:

2: 9- 13

2. Suffering to death was necessary to destroy the Devil: 2:14

3. Suffering was necessary to deliver believing men: 2:15-16

4. Suffering was necessary to qualify Jesus as a merciful high priest:

2: 17-18

III. A superior founder: Christ is superior to Moses: 3:1-4:13

A. Christ and Moses: A comparison : 3:1-6

1. Both Christ and Moses were faithful to God: 3:1 -2

2. Christ is the builder of the house. Moses was a part of the house: 3:3-4

3. Christ is the Son over the house . Moses was only a servant in the house:

3:5-6

B. (Second) Warning passage: 3:7-4:13

1. Exhortation: 3:7-8

2. Israel’s wilderness experience: 3: 8-11

a. Attitude of Israel: 3:8-9

b. Response of God: 3:10-11

3. Warning against unbelief: 3:12-19

a. The warning: 3:12

b. Believer’s response in view of the warning: 3:13

c. Motivation for the response: 3:14

d. Example of Israel: 3:15-19

4. Warning against missing God’s rest: 4:1-13

a. The warning: 4:1-2

b. Rest: 4:3-5

c. Unrest: 4:6-8

d. The rest of God: 4:9-11

e. Confirmation of warning by God’s Word and knowledge: 4:12-1 3

IV. A superior priesthood. Jesus is superior to Aaron: 4:14-7:28

A. Jesus is the great high priest: 4:1 4-16

B. The priesthood of Aaron: 5:1-4

C. The priesthood of Jesus: 5:5-10

D. (Third) Warning passage: 5:11-6:20

1. Rebuke for spiritual immaturity: 5:11-14

2. Encouragement toward spiritual maturity: 6:1-3

a. Progress beyond foundational principles: 6:1-2

(1) Repentance from dead works: 6:1

(2) Faith toward God : 6:1

(3) Doctrine of baptisms: 6:2

(4) Laying on of hands : 6:2

(5) Resurrection of the dead: 6:2

(6) Eternal judgment: 6:2

b. Go on to perfection : 6:1 ,3

3. Warning against the consequences of apostasy: 6:4-8

a. Apostasy explained : 6:4-6

b. The consequences of apostasy : 6:4 ,6

c. The reason for the consequences: 6:6

d. An illustration from nature: 6:7-8

4. Reminder of the certainty of God’s promises: 6:9-20

a. The persuasion : 6:9

b. The faithfulness of God: 6:10

c. The response of believers: 6:11-12

d. An example of the certainty of God’s promises: 6:13-20

(l) Abraham: 6:13-15

(2) The oath: 6:16-17

(3) Assurance of God’s faithfulness to His Word: 6:18-20

E. The priesthood of Melchizedek: 7:1-28

1. General description: 7:1-3

2. Melchizedek and Abraham: 7:4-10

3. The Levitical priesthood: 7:11-13

4. The new priesthood: 7:14-17

5. Priesthood under the law: 7:18-21

6. Priesthood under the new covenant: 7:22-27

7. Summary of the teaching: 7:28

V. A superior ministry: The two covenants: 8:1-10:18

A. Introduction: 8:1-6

1. Summary of previous teaching: 8:1-2

2. Ministry of the high priest: 8:3-5

3. A more excellent ministry : 8:6

B. The two covenants: 8:7-13

1. The first (old) covenant: 8:7-8

2. The second (new) covenant: 8:8-12

a. Maker: 8:8

b. Covenant: 8:9-12

3. Contrast between the new and the old: 8:13

C. Operation of the first covenant: 9:1-10

1. The tabernacle: 9:1-5

2. The ministry of the high priest: 9:6-10

D. Operation of the new covenant: 9:11-10:18

1. General description: 9:11-12

a. The tabernacle: 9:11

b. The ministry of the high priest: 9:11-28

(l) In atonement for sin: 9:12-22

(2) In Heaven: 9:23-28

2. Contrasts between the old and new: 10:1-18

VI. Superior resources for faith: Practical exhortation: 10:19-13:17

A. Use the new access to God: 10:19-31

1. Draw near in faith: 10:19-22

a. With boldness: 10:19

b. Through the new and living way: 10:20

c. By the high priest (Jesus): 10:20-21

d. With a true heart: 10:22

e. In full assurance of faith : 1 0: 22

f. With our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience: 10:22

g. With our bodies washed with pure water: 10:22

2. Hold fast the faith: 10:23

3. Encourage one another in the faith: 10:24-25

a. Provoke unto love and to good works: 10:24

b. Do not forsake the assembling of yourselves together: 10:25

c. Exhort one another: 10:25

B. (Fourth) Warning passage: 10:26-31

1. The warning: 10:26-27

2. The Old Testament example: 10:28

3. The present situation: 10:29-31

C. Remember former experiences: 10:32-34

D. Cast not away your confidence: 10:35

E. Be patient: 10:36-37

F. Live by faith: 10:38-11:40

1. The command to live by faith: 10:38-39

2. The definition of faith: 11:1

3. The function of faith: 11:2-3

4. Examples of faith: 11:4-38

a. Abel: 11:4

b. Enoch: 11:5-6

c. Noah: 11 :7

d. Abraham and Sara: 11:8-19

e. Isaac: 11: 20

f. Jacob: 11:21

g. Joseph: 11:22

h. Moses: 11:23-29

i. Joshua (Jericho): 11:30

j. Rahab: 11:31

k. Other examples of faith: 11:32-38

5. Recipients of the promise of faith in Jesus Christ: 11:39-40

G. Endure suffering and chastening: 12:1-29

1. Examples of suffering: 12 :1-3

a. A multitude of those gone before us (witnesses): 1 2:1

b. Jesus: 12:2-3

2. The explanation of suffering: 12:4-11

a. Increased resistance against sin: 1 2:4

b. God loves those He chastens and is dealing with them as sons:

12:5-7

c. Only those who are not sons are not chastened: 1 2:8

d. The comparison to the example of earthly fathers: 12:9-10

e. Results of chastening: 12:11

(1) Immediate chastening is not pleasant.

(2) Afterwards it results in the peaceable fruit of

righteousness.

3. The believer’s response to suffering: 12:12-17

a. Lift up the hands which hang down and the feeble knees: 12:12

b. Make straight paths for your feet: 12:13

c. Let those suffering be healed: 12:14

d. Follow peace with all men: 12:14

e. Follow holiness with all men: 12:14

f. Watch diligently lest anyone fail of the grace of God: 12:15

g. Be careful lest any root of bitterness trouble and defile you: 12:1 5

h. Guard against fornicators and profane persons: 12:16-17

H. (Fifth ) Warning passage: 12:18-29

1. The position of Israel at Mt. Sinai: 12:18-21

2. The position of believers at Mt. Sion: 12:22-24

3. The consequent response of believers: 12:25-29

I. An exhortation to fulfill Christian responsibilities: 13:1-17

1. Social duties: 13 :1-6

a. Relationships: Let brotherly love continue: 13 :1

b. Hospitality: 3:2

c. Remember them that are in bonds and those suffering : 13:3

d. Marriage: It is honorable, but whoremongers and adulterers God

will judge: 13:4

e. Conversation: Do not speak covetously : 13:5

f. Possessions: Be content with what you have : 13:5

g. Remember God is always with you to help you: 13:5-6

2. Religious duties: 13:7-17

a. Remember those who rule over you: 1 3:7

b. Remember Jesus never changes : 13:8

c. Do not be carried about with strange doctrines: 13:9

d. Do not be entangled in legalistic doctrines: 13:9-12

e. Bear the reproach of the Gospel: 13:13

f. Seek for the city which is to come: 13:14

g. Continually offer the sacrifice of praise: 13:15

h. Do good and communicate: 13:16

i. Obey them which rule over you and submit yourselves: 13:17

VII. Personal instructions: 13:18-25

A. A request for prayer: 13:18-19

1. For a good conscience: 13:18

2. Willingness to live honestly: 13:18

3. For soon release: 13:19

B. A prayer for the readers: 13:20-21

l. The one addressed: 13:20

2. The request: 13:21

C. An exhortation to heed the epistle: 13:22

D. Timothy’s proposed visit: 13:23

E. Closing greetings: 13:24

l. To: Those who have rule over you and all the saints.

2. From: They of Italy.

F. Benediction: 13:25