Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
C Name the author of the book of James.
C Identify to whom the book of James was written.
C State the purpose for the book of James.
C Write the Key Verse of the book of James from memory.
C State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of James.
TO WHOM: Believers among the twelve tribes of Israel
PURPOSE: To comfort believers undergoing trials for their faith. KEY VERSE: 2:26
LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Faith is the foundation of works. MAIN CHARACTERS: James, Abraham, Isaac, Rahab, Job, Elijah
I. Introduction : 1:1
A. From : James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ: 1:1
B. To: The twelve tribes scattered abroad: 1:1
II. Faith in suffering: 1:1- 18
A. Response to suffering : Joy: 1 :2
B. Benefits of suffering: 1:3-4
1. Patience: 1:3
2. Perfection: 1 :4
3. Entirety (completeness): 1:4
C. The proper response to suffering: 1:5
1. Wisdom from God : 1:5
a. The source of wisdom: God.
b. The availability of wisdom: Through prayer with faith.
c. The need for faith: By all men.
2. Stable faith: 1:6-7
a. He that wavereth is like a wave of the sea: 1:6
b. Such a man will receive nothing from the Lord : 1:7
3. Single minded: 1 :8
4. Right response whether exalted or brought low: 1:9-11
a. The brother of low degree is to rejoice when exalted: 1 :9
b. The brother of high degree is to rejoice that he is brought low :
c. Such levels of life are temporal. They are like grass and flowers
which spring up but wither when the sun rises: 1:10-11
D. The blessing of suffering: 1:12
1. If we endure temptation and trials, we will receive a crown of life
promised by the Lord to those who love Him .
E. The source of temptation: 1:13-18
1. Not God: 1:13
a. God cannot be tempted with evil: 1:13
b. God does not tempt man with evil: 1:13
2. We are tempted when: 1:14-15
a. We are drawn away of our lust and enticed: 1:14
b. Lust, conceived, brings forth sin: 1:15
c. Sin, when it is finished, brings forth death: 1:15
3. We are to understand that: 1:16-18
a. God sends only good and perfect gifts: 1:17
b. God: 1:17-18
(1) Is the Father of lights : 1 :1 7
(2) In whom is no variableness: 1:17
(3) In whom there is no turning: 1:17
(4) Is the one who begat us with the Word of truth: 1:18
(5) Desires that we be a kind of first fruits of His creatures:
III. Faith at work: 1:19-4:12
A. Faith makes a change: 1:19-21
1. What we should be: 1:19-20
a. Swift to hear: 1:19
b. Slow to speak: 1:19
c. Slow to wrath: 1:19-20
2. What we should lay aside: 1:21
b. Superfluity of naughtiness.
3. What we should incorporate in our lives: The Word: 1:21
B. Faith is in doing, not hearing only: 1:22-25
1. We deceive ourselves if we are hearers only: 1:22
2. The example of a man looking into a mirror: 1:23-25
a. The hearer listens and does nothing about it: 1:23-24
b. The doer responds to the Word: 1:25
C. Faith is evidenced by control of the tongue: 1:26-27
1. Even if we seem religious, if we do not control the tongue we are
deceiving ourselves and our religion is vain: 1:26
2. Pure religion before God is: 1:27
a. To visit the fatherless.
b. Visit the widows.
c. Keep unspotted from the world.
D. Faith does not show respect of persons: 2:1-13
1. Respect to be shown equally for both rich and poor: 2:1-4
2. God chooses the poor of the world, rich in faith, as heirs of the
Kingdom : 2:5
3. Respect of persons is a poor testimony before the world: 2:6-7
4. The royal law: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: 2 :8
5. Respect of persons is sin : 2:9
6. Sin and the law: 2:10-13
E. The faith that saves: 2:14-26
1. Faith, without works, is dead: 2:14-17
2. The relation of faith and works: 2:18
3. Examples of faith and works: 2:20-25
a. Abraham: 2:21-24
b. Rahab: 2:25
4. As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead
also: 2 : 2 6
F. Faith controls the tongue: 3:1-13
1. The tongue is the most difficult to control: 3:1-2
2. Examples of natural control: 3:3-4
a. Bits in horses’ mouths: 3:3
b. Helms in ships: 3:4
3. The power of the tongue: 3:5-12
a. Although small, the tongue has great power: 3:5
b. The tongue is like a fire which ignites or defiles our whole body:
c. Every animal is tamed by mankind, but the tongue cannot be
tamed by man : 5:7-8
d. The tongue can be used to either curse or bless: 3 :9
e. Cursing and blessing should not proceed out of the same mouth:
f. Control of the tongue is evidence of faith and good works: 3:13
G. Faith and factions among believers: 3:14-4:12
1. Division among believers is not of God: 3:14
2. Wisdom of the world: 3:15-16
a. Its description : 3 : 1 5
b. Its results : 3 :1 6
(2) Strife .
(4) Every evil work.
3. The wisdom from God is: 3:17
d. Easily entreated.
e. Full of mercy.
f. Full of good fruits.
g. Without partiality.
h. Without hypocrisy.
4. Faith brings righteousness and peace: 3:18
5. Divisions come from lust: 4:1-6
a. Such lust hinders prayer: 4:2-3
b. It hinders relationship with God: 4:5-6
6. Correcting divisions: 4:7-12
a. Submit to God: 4 :7
b. Resist the Devil: 4:7
c. Draw nigh to God: 4:8
d. Cleanse and purify yourself: 4:8
e. Reflect true sorrow and repentance : 4:9
f. Humble yourselves: 4:10
g. Do not speak evil of others: 4:11
h. Do not judge others: 4:11-12
IV. Faith and the future: 4:13-5:12
A. We cannot be assured of the future: 4:13-14
B. Only God knows the future: 4:15
C. When we boast in the future, it is evil: 4:16-17
D. The future of the rich: 5:1-6
1. They will experience misery: 5 :1
2. Riches will perish: 5:1-3
3. Their fraud is noted by God: 5 :4
4. They have lived in evil: 5:5-6
a. In pleasure: 5 :5
b. In the ways of their own heart: 5:5
c. Condemning and killing the just: 5:6
E. The believer’s preparation for the future: 5:7-12
1. Wait patiently for the coming of the Lord: 5:7-8
2. Establish your hearts: 5:8
3. Do not hold grudges : 5:9
4. View the prophets as an example of the suffering you will experience:
5. Endure with joy, as did Job: 5:11
6. Do not swear, but mean what you say: 5:12
V. Faith and Christian relationships: 5:13-20
A. Response to the afflicted: 5:13
B. Response to the merry: 5:13
C. Response to the sick: 5:14-15
1. Call for the elders of the church: 5:14
2. Let them anoint and pray over the sick: 5:14
3. The prayer of faith will save the sick: 5:15
4. The Lord will raise him up: 5:15
5. If he has committed sins, they will be forgiven: 5:15
D. Response to faults in others: 5:16-18
1. Confess faults to each other: 5:16
2. Pray for one another, that you may be healed: 5:16
3. Elias as an example of such effectual prayer: 5:16-18
E. Response to the erring: 5:19-20
1. Convert him: 5:19
2. Save his soul from death: 5:20
3. Hide a multitude of sins: 5:21