Lesson 17




Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

C Name the author of the book of James.

C Identify to whom the book of James was written.

C State the purpose for the book of James.

C Write the Key Verse of the book of James from memory.

C State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of James.



TO WHOM: Believers among the twelve tribes of Israel

PURPOSE: To comfort believers undergoing trials for their faith. KEY VERSE: 2:26

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Faith is the foundation of works. MAIN CHARACTERS: James, Abraham, Isaac, Rahab, Job, Elijah

I. Introduction : 1:1

A. From : James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ: 1:1

B. To: The twelve tribes scattered abroad: 1:1

II. Faith in suffering: 1:1- 18

A. Response to suffering : Joy: 1 :2

B. Benefits of suffering: 1:3-4

1. Patience: 1:3

2. Perfection: 1 :4

3. Entirety (completeness): 1:4

C. The proper response to suffering: 1:5

1. Wisdom from God : 1:5

a. The source of wisdom: God.

b. The availability of wisdom: Through prayer with faith.

c. The need for faith: By all men.

2. Stable faith: 1:6-7

a. He that wavereth is like a wave of the sea: 1:6

b. Such a man will receive nothing from the Lord : 1:7

3. Single minded: 1 :8

4. Right response whether exalted or brought low: 1:9-11

a. The brother of low degree is to rejoice when exalted: 1 :9

b. The brother of high degree is to rejoice that he is brought low :

1: 10

c. Such levels of life are temporal. They are like grass and flowers

which spring up but wither when the sun rises: 1:10-11

D. The blessing of suffering: 1:12

1. If we endure temptation and trials, we will receive a crown of life

promised by the Lord to those who love Him .

E. The source of temptation: 1:13-18

1. Not God: 1:13

a. God cannot be tempted with evil: 1:13

b. God does not tempt man with evil: 1:13

2. We are tempted when: 1:14-15

a. We are drawn away of our lust and enticed: 1:14

b. Lust, conceived, brings forth sin: 1:15

c. Sin, when it is finished, brings forth death: 1:15

3. We are to understand that: 1:16-18

a. God sends only good and perfect gifts: 1:17

b. God: 1:17-18

(1) Is the Father of lights : 1 :1 7

(2) In whom is no variableness: 1:17

(3) In whom there is no turning: 1:17

(4) Is the one who begat us with the Word of truth: 1:18

(5) Desires that we be a kind of first fruits of His creatures:

1: 18

III. Faith at work: 1:19-4:12

A. Faith makes a change: 1:19-21

1. What we should be: 1:19-20

a. Swift to hear: 1:19

b. Slow to speak: 1:19

c. Slow to wrath: 1:19-20

2. What we should lay aside: 1:21

a. Filthiness.

b. Superfluity of naughtiness.

3. What we should incorporate in our lives: The Word: 1:21

B. Faith is in doing, not hearing only: 1:22-25

1. We deceive ourselves if we are hearers only: 1:22

2. The example of a man looking into a mirror: 1:23-25

a. The hearer listens and does nothing about it: 1:23-24

b. The doer responds to the Word: 1:25

C. Faith is evidenced by control of the tongue: 1:26-27

1. Even if we seem religious, if we do not control the tongue we are

deceiving ourselves and our religion is vain: 1:26

2. Pure religion before God is: 1:27

a. To visit the fatherless.

b. Visit the widows.

c. Keep unspotted from the world.

D. Faith does not show respect of persons: 2:1-13

1. Respect to be shown equally for both rich and poor: 2:1-4

2. God chooses the poor of the world, rich in faith, as heirs of the

Kingdom : 2:5

3. Respect of persons is a poor testimony before the world: 2:6-7

4. The royal law: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: 2 :8

5. Respect of persons is sin : 2:9

6. Sin and the law: 2:10-13

E. The faith that saves: 2:14-26

1. Faith, without works, is dead: 2:14-17

2. The relation of faith and works: 2:18

3. Examples of faith and works: 2:20-25

a. Abraham: 2:21-24

b. Rahab: 2:25

4. As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead

also: 2 : 2 6

F. Faith controls the tongue: 3:1-13

1. The tongue is the most difficult to control: 3:1-2

2. Examples of natural control: 3:3-4

a. Bits in horses’ mouths: 3:3

b. Helms in ships: 3:4

3. The power of the tongue: 3:5-12

a. Although small, the tongue has great power: 3:5

b. The tongue is like a fire which ignites or defiles our whole body:


c. Every animal is tamed by mankind, but the tongue cannot be

tamed by man : 5:7-8

d. The tongue can be used to either curse or bless: 3 :9

e. Cursing and blessing should not proceed out of the same mouth:

5: 10-12

f. Control of the tongue is evidence of faith and good works: 3:13

G. Faith and factions among believers: 3:14-4:12

1. Division among believers is not of God: 3:14

2. Wisdom of the world: 3:15-16

a. Its description : 3 : 1 5

(1) Earthly.

(2) Sensual.

(3) Devilish.

b. Its results : 3 :1 6

(1) Envy.

(2) Strife .

(3) Confusion.

(4) Every evil work.

3. The wisdom from God is: 3:17

a. Pure.

b. Peaceable.

c. Gentle.

d. Easily entreated.

e. Full of mercy.

f. Full of good fruits.

g. Without partiality.

h. Without hypocrisy.

4. Faith brings righteousness and peace: 3:18

5. Divisions come from lust: 4:1-6

a. Such lust hinders prayer: 4:2-3

b. It hinders relationship with God: 4:5-6

6. Correcting divisions: 4:7-12

a. Submit to God: 4 :7

b. Resist the Devil: 4:7

c. Draw nigh to God: 4:8

d. Cleanse and purify yourself: 4:8

e. Reflect true sorrow and repentance : 4:9

f. Humble yourselves: 4:10

g. Do not speak evil of others: 4:11

h. Do not judge others: 4:11-12

IV. Faith and the future: 4:13-5:12

A. We cannot be assured of the future: 4:13-14

B. Only God knows the future: 4:15

C. When we boast in the future, it is evil: 4:16-17

D. The future of the rich: 5:1-6

1. They will experience misery: 5 :1

2. Riches will perish: 5:1-3

3. Their fraud is noted by God: 5 :4

4. They have lived in evil: 5:5-6

a. In pleasure: 5 :5

b. In the ways of their own heart: 5:5

c. Condemning and killing the just: 5:6

E. The believer’s preparation for the future: 5:7-12

1. Wait patiently for the coming of the Lord: 5:7-8

2. Establish your hearts: 5:8

3. Do not hold grudges : 5:9

4. View the prophets as an example of the suffering you will experience:

5: 10

5. Endure with joy, as did Job: 5:11

6. Do not swear, but mean what you say: 5:12

V. Faith and Christian relationships: 5:13-20

A. Response to the afflicted: 5:13

B. Response to the merry: 5:13

C. Response to the sick: 5:14-15

1. Call for the elders of the church: 5:14

2. Let them anoint and pray over the sick: 5:14

3. The prayer of faith will save the sick: 5:15

4. The Lord will raise him up: 5:15

5. If he has committed sins, they will be forgiven: 5:15

D. Response to faults in others: 5:16-18

1. Confess faults to each other: 5:16

2. Pray for one another, that you may be healed: 5:16

3. Elias as an example of such effectual prayer: 5:16-18

E. Response to the erring: 5:19-20

1. Convert him: 5:19

2. Save his soul from death: 5:20

3. Hide a multitude of sins: 5:21