Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
C Define "teaching aids".
C Explain what audio-visual aids are.
C Explain the importance of audio-visual aids.
C Create audio-visual aids.
C Evaluate teaching aids.
And He took a child, and set him in the midst of them: and when He had taken him in His arms, He said unto them.
Whosoever shall receive one of such children in My name, receiveth Me: and whosoever shall receive Me, receiveth not Me, but Him that sent Me.
In this lesson you will learn about various aids which can be used when you teach. You
may not have access to all of the teaching aids discussed in this chapter because of your geographic location or financial situation . Because Harvestime International Institute
courses are used in many places, this chapter is included for those who do have access to such materials. We have also included suggestions for teaching aids you can use without cost or special equipment.
A teaching aid is something that helps you teach a lesson. This is why it is called an "aid". A teaching aid may be an activity or project which helps students understand a certain Biblical truth . A teaching aid may also be an object which can be seen, heard, or touched. Such an object is called an "audio-visual aid".
The word "audio" refers to hearing. The word "visual" refers to seeing. An "audio-visual aid" is something that can be seen, heard , or touched and which aids in learning.
Sometimes the aid is totally audio, such as a cassette recording or a record.
Sometimes it is totally visual, such as a picture which illustrates a truth . Other times, both audio and visual are combined in a teaching aid. An example of this would be a movie or video with sound .
THE IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING AIDS
Teaching aids are important because seeing, hearing , and doing are the main ways we learn. Special studies have been done which reveal that we remember:
…10% of what we hear,
…50% of what we see,
…70% of what we do,
…and 90% of what we see, hear, say, and do .
Because of this, it is important that teachers combine audio , visual, and activity aids in teaching.
TYPES OF TEACHING AIDS
Here are some aids you can use in teaching:
You can use common objects in the environment to illustrate a lesson. Jesus used many such aids. He used flowers, candles, birds, fish, seed, wheat, children, and rocks to
illustrate His lessons.
Sources include photographs, newspaper clippings, book and magazine pictures.
Slides are transparencies [negatives] of pictures which have been mounted in cardboard
frames and can be projected on a wall or screen through a slide projector. There are many sets of slides available concerning various Christian topics. These come ready to show on a slide projector. Some slide sets are accompanied by audio tapes or records.
You can also make your own slides if you have the proper equipment. You would need a
camera, film for taking pictures to be made into slides, and a slide projector to show the finished product.
Filmstrips are similar to slides as they are also transparencies of pictures. But instead of being individually mounted, they are joined together in a long strip of film. They are viewed, frame by frame, through use of a filmstrip projector. Commercially produced filmstrips often include an audio record or tape explaining the pictures.
FILMS AND VIDEO-CASSETTES:
Films and video-cassettes are motion pictures with sound which require special projectors
to be shown. There are many Christian films and video cassettes available or you might
consider making your own film or video-cassette if you have the proper equipment to do
RECORDS AND AUDIO-CASSETTES:
Records and audio cassettes are forms of magnetic tape which record sound. There are many music and teaching tapes available. You can also create your own cassette tapes if you have a cassette recorder .
BIBLE RESEARCH MATERIALS:
Encourage students to use Bible concordances, dictionaries, atlases, word study books, and commentaries if they are available. They will learn more about the lesson you are teaching while developing valuable Bible study skills.
The overhead projector is a machine that projects images created on clear paper called "transparencies". Maps, outlines, words to songs, and Scriptures can be put on
transparencies and projected on a screen for viewing and study.
Assign projects to students to reinforce what they have learned. They may draw a map or picture , build a model of something [like the Old Testament tabernacle], write a report, or create a chart or graph. Practical ministry projects can be included such as witnessing to others, visiting the sick , feeding the hungry, etc . Projects encourage students to "do the Word" instead of being hearers only.
Maps help students understand the land where Bible events occurred. Students can study maps or draw maps relating to the lesson.
Study trips are another excellent teaching aid . Students can visit a Bible museum , a prison, rest home, etc., to learn more and/or apply what they have already learned.
CHARTS AND GRAPHS:
Create a chart or graph to illustrate the lesson. The chart could list main points of the lesson or the Scripture memory verse. Graphs could be used to make comparisons.
An excellent idea for working with children is to create games and puzzles to reinforce
teaching. For example, write each individual word of a Scripture text on separate cards
and mix them up. Have students place them in correct order. This will aid in memorizing
the verse .
Students can act out [dramatize] the Bible lesson that has been taught. To do this,
students take the roles of different characters in the lesson and act out the Bible story .
Puppets are another way of acting out Bible stories. Puppets are miniature figures of people and animals that can be used to dramatize stories. They can be created out of cardboard, cloth , and other materials.
CHALKBOARD OR WHITE BOARD:
Chalkboards or white boards are boards covered with a special coating which enables you to write on them, erase it, and use the same surface again. The teacher can use the boards to write key phrases, verses, or outlines of the lesson. They can also be used to draw
pictures and illustrations. Students may also use the boards for the same purposes as a
learning activity .
THE FLANNEL GRAPH BOARD:
The flannel graph is a board covered with a material called flannel which permits the
placing and removal of flannel-backed figures. Publishers have produced flannel graph figures [words, verses, and pictures] to go with many Bible lessons. You can also create your own figures, paste flannel on the back, and use them on the flannel board.
Flash cards are pieces of paper or cardboard which can be held in your hand and "flashed" before students as a learning aid. For example, you can create memory verse flash
cards . One side can have the verse written out. The other side can have the Bible
reference. When you flash the Bible reference, have the class say the correct verse. When you flash the verse for them to see, they must give the correct reference.
Songs can be used as a teaching aid. Use a song that: -Relates to the lesson you have shared.
-Calls for the type of response you have requested in the lesson. For example, calling for acceptance of the Gospel if that has been the subject of the lesson.
-Is in keeping with the spirit of the lesson: Happy and joyous or slow and worshipful.
Testimonies by students or guests can be used to illustrate the lesson. For example, if
teaching a lesson on deliverance, have someone testify concerning their own deliverance.
Memorizing verses, stories, and facts are an excellent aid to help students remember Bible lessons.
Students can be tested to reinforce learning. The test may be oral or written. After the test, review any materials with which students had difficulty.
STORY-TELLING AND REVIEW:
When working with young children have them tell the story in their own words after the
lesson. Adults can summarize a lesson. Review the lesson through discussion, questions and answers.
SOURCES OF TEACHING AIDS
You can make some teaching aids yourself. Others can be purchased from stores. If you have no funds or access to such aids, use simple objects from your own environment or activities requiring no materials or cost.
Jesus had no money for equipment or material to create teaching aids, yet He used them
frequently by selecting items from the natural environment to illustrate His lessons. You may also be able to borrow audio-visual aids and necessary equipment from members of
your church, other churches, libraries, the local public school, or your denominational
EVALUATING TEACHING AIDS
Use the following checklist to evaluate teaching aids:
1. Does the aid or activity relate to the lesson? Does it help explain or present it
2. Is it appropriate for the age level for which it is intended?
3. Is it worth the price if you are purchasing and/or the time and cost to make it if
you are creating an audio-visual aid?
4. How does it contribute to achieving the objectives you have set for the lesson?
5. Is it clear and easy to understand?
Remember: Teaching aids are just that…aids. Do not depend upon them alone. Our
confidence is in the Word of God used by the Spirit of God to do the work of God in the lives of students.
A good farmer uses the best tools he has to plant his fields. But he knows that it is the seed , not his tools, that brings the harvest.