Lesson 8

CHAPTER EIGHT

GALATIANS

OBJECTIVES:

Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

C Name the author of the book of Galatians.

C Identify to whom the book of Galatians was written.

C State the purpose for the book of Galatians.

C Write the Key Verse of the book of Galatians from memory.

C State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Galatians.

INTRODUCTION

AUTHOR: Paul

TO WHOM: Believers at Galatia.

PURPOSE: To correct false teaching of Jewish legalism in the Church. KEY VERSE: 5:1

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Jesus delivered us from law to liberty.

MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Peter, James, Cephas , John , Barnabas, Titus , Abraham
 
OUTLINE

I. Introduction: 1:1-5

A. From : Paul: 1:1

1. An apostle.

2. Not of men.

3. By Jesus Christ and God the Father.

B. To: The churches of Galatia: 1:2

C. Grace and peace from Jesus: 1:3-5

1. Who gave Himself for our sins: 1 :4

2. Who delivered us from the present evil world : 1:4

3. According to the will of God the Father: 1:4

4. To whom be glory for ever: 1:5

II. The rebuke: 1:6-10

A. Astonishment at the departure from the Gospel: 1:6

B. Statement of the departure to "another gospel" which is false: 1:6-7

C. The seriousness of the matter: No matter who preaches another gospel, they are

accursed : 1:8-9

D. Paul’s attitude towards the matter: 1:10

Part One: The Liberty Of The Gospel

A Personal Argument 1:11-2:21

I. How Paul received the Gospel: 1:11-24

A. The origin through revelation: 1:11-12

B. His conduct previous to receiving the Gospel: 1:13-14

1. Taught the Jewish religion: 1:13

2. Persecuted the Church of God: 1:13

3. Profited in the Jewish religion above his equals: 1:14

4. Was zealous of the Jewish tradition: 1:14

C. Description of the revelation received: 1:15-17

1. Source of the revelation: God: 1:15

2. Subject of the revelation: His Son: 1:16

3. Purpose of the revelation: That Paul might preach Him among the

heathen: 1:16

4. Response to the revelation: 1:16-17

a. He conferred not with flesh and blood: 1:16

b. He did not go to the apostles at Jerusalem: 1:17

c. He went to Arabia and Damascus: 1:17

D. Paul’s independence of the Jerusalem apostles: 1:18-20

l. His first visit to Jerusalem : 1 :1 8 – 2 0

a. The time of the visit: 1:18

b. The purpose of the visit: 1:18

c. The duration of the visit: 1:18

d. Contacts during the visit: 1:19-20

E. Paul’s subsequent absence from Jerusalem: 1:21-24

1. The place of his withdrawal: 1:21

2. The lack of acquaintance with the churches in Judea: 1:22

3. The response of the churches to reports about him: 1:23-24

II. How the Gospel received by Paul was confirmed by the apostles at Jerusalem: 2:1-10

A. The circumstances of its presentation to them : 2:1-2

1. The journey to Jerusalem: 2 :2

2. The presentation made by Paul at Jerusalem: 2:2

B. The result of Paul’s presentation of the Gospel to them: 2:3-10

1. His position as reflected in Titus: 2:3

2. His conflict with false brethren: 2:4-5

a. Their presence: 2 :4

b. Paul’s refusal to yield to their demands: 2:5

3. Approval by Jerusalem leaders of the Gospel received by Paul: 2:6-10

a. Their failure to add anything to his Gospel: 2:6

b. Their approval of his Gospel: 2:7-10

c. The basis of their approval: 2:7-9

d. The expression of their approval: 2:9

e. The one request made in their approval: 2:10

III. Paul’s rebuke of Peter for his yielding to legalistic pressure in Antioch: 2:11-21

A. Reason for the rebuke: 2:12

B. Effect of the inconsistent conduct of Peter: 2:13

C. Justification for giving the rebuke: 2: 14-21

l. Paul’s question to Peter: 2:14

2. Paul’s explanation of his doctrinal position: 2:15-21

a. Insufficiency of the law: 2:15-18

(1) We are justified by faith, not the law nor by works: 2:16

(2) If we rely on the law, we are transgressors: 2:17-18

b. The new life in Christ: 2:19-21

(1) The effect of the law led to the new life: 2:19

(2) The nature of the new life: 2:20

(3) The grace of God is nullified by law keeping: 2:21

Part Two: The Liberty Of The Gospel

A Doctrinal Argument 3:1-4:31

I. The doctrine of justification by faith: 3 :1-4:7

A. Justification by faith : 3 :1 – 1 4

1. Inconsistency of their conduct: 3:1-5

a. Turning from Christ: 3:1

b. Question about the start of their Christian life: 3 :2

c. A question about their method of perfection : 3:3

d. The question about their sufferings as believers: 3:4

e. The question about the basis of God’s work in them : 3:5

B. The example of Abraham’s justification: 3:6-9

1. The means of Abraham’s justification: 3 :6

2. The identity of the sons of Abraham : 3:7

3. The announcement to Abraham by God of justification through faith:

3:8

4. The heirs of the blessings of Abraham : 3:9

C. Deliverance from law and works through Jesus Christ: 3:10-14

1. The curse on those under law and works: 3:10

2. The inability of law and works to justify: 3:11-12

3. Deliverance from the curse through Jesus: 3:13-14

a. The means of deliverance from the curse: 3:13

b. The purpose in deliverance from the curse: 3:14

D. The limitations of the law and its relation to faith: 3:1 5-14 :7

1. The covenant of faith with Abraham: 3:15-18

a. The covenant was binding: 3:15

b. It was to Abraham and his seed: 3:16

c. The promise was not altered by the law: 3:17

d. The inheritance is not through the law but by promise: 3:18

2. The true place and purpose of the law: 3:19-29

a. The temporary nature of the law: 3:19-20

b. The inability of the law to produce life: 3:21-22

c. The law was an instrument to bring us to Christ: 3:23-29

E. The contrasts of law and faith: 4:1-7

1. The illustration of the position of an heir as a minor: 4:1-2

2. Application of the illustration to believers: 4:3-6

a. Bondage as minors: 4 :3

b. Free as sons: 4:4-6

3. The conclusion for the believer: 4:7

II. An appeal to the Galatian believers to drop their legalism: 4:8-31

A. Accepting Jewish legalism is a return to bondage: 4:8-11

1. Their past condition of bondage: 4:8

2. Their deliverance from bondage : 4:9

3. Legalism is returning to bondage: 4:9-10

4. Their actions cause concern to Paul: 4:11

B. The appeal from his relation to them: 4:12-20

1. An appeal for them to adopt Paul’s position: 4:12

2. A reminder of his past relation to them: 4:12-14

3. The change in their relation to him: 4:15-18

4. The travail he is experiencing for them: 4:19-20

C. The appeal from the two contrasted covenants, law and grace: 4:21-31

1. A question to those desiring to be under the law: 4:21

2. The story of Abraham’s two sons: 4:22-23

3. The interpretation of the story: 4:24-23

a. The two methods represent two covenants: 4:24

b. The description of the two covenants: 4:24-28

(l) One represents bondage: 4:24-25

(2) The other represents freedom: 4:26-28

c. The expulsion of the son of bondage: 4:29-30

d. Conclusion of the story: 4:31

Part Three: The Liberty Of The Gospel

Practical Application 5:1-6:18

I. The call to maintain Christian liberty: 5:1-12

A. The peril in circumcision: 5:2-6

1. It makes Christ useless to them: 5 :2

2. It makes them subject to the whole law: 5 :3

3. It severs them from Christ: 5:4

4. It is a fall from grace : 5:4

5. The proper Christian attitude: 5:5-6

B. The condemnation of the false teacher: 5:7-12

1. Their error: 5:7-8

2. Example of their teaching: 5:9

3. Condemnation of the one troubling them: 5:10-12

II. The life of Christian liberty: 5:13-6:10

A. The life is directed by love: 5:13-15

1. The believer is called to liberty: 5:13

2. The proper use of Christian liberty: 5:13

3. The fulfillment of the law through love: 5:14

4. The results of a lack of love: 5:15

B. It is a walk in the Spirit , not in the flesh : 5 : 1 6 -2 5

1. The command to walk in the Spirit: 5:16

2. The conflict between the Spirit and the flesh: 5:17-18

3. The contrast between products of the flesh and the Spirit: 5:19-23

a. The works of the flesh: 5:19-21

b. The fruit of the Spirit: 5: 22-23

4. The people living by the Spirit: 5:24-25

a. They have crucified the flesh: 5:24

b. They live and walk in the Spirit: 5:25

C. It is a life of mutual burden bearing: 5: 26-6:10

1. Bearing faults: 5:26 -6:5

a. The warning against wrong attitudes toward others: 5:26

b. The attitude of humility in restoring the fallen: 6 :1

c. The duty of mutual burden-bearing: 6 :2

d. The proper attitude towards self: 6:3-5

D. It is a life governed by basic principles : 6 :6 – 1 0

1. The principle of communication: 6:6

2. The principle of spiritual harvest: 6:7-8

3. The principle of well doing: 6:9-10

III. The conclusion:

A. Reference to his large letters: 6:11

B. Rebuke of his adversaries: 6:12-13

C. His confidence in the cross: 6:14-16

1. Glorying in the cross: 6:14

2. Crucifixion through the cross: 6:15

3. Blessings on those accepting this principle: 6:16

4. He bears the marks of the Lord in his own body: 6:17

IV. The benediction: 6:18