Lesson 4




Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

C Name the author of the book of John.

C Identify to whom the book of John was written.

C State the purpose for the book of John.

C Write the Key Verse of the book of John from memory.

C State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of John.



TO WHOM: All believers, to whom John portrays Jesus as the Son of God.

PURPOSE: To convince that Jesus was the Messiah , the Son of God, and lead men to everlasting life .

KEY VERSE: John 20:31

LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, source of salvation and way to everlasting life.

MAIN CHARACTERS: Jesus, John the Baptist, the twelve disciples

Part One: Introduction 1:1-51

I. Introducing Jesus, the Christ: 1:1-18

A. Jesus, the Word, was: 1:1-3

1. From the beginning: 1:1

2. With God : 1:1

3. Was God: 1:1

4. The creative word: 1 :2-3

B. Jesus, the life and light : 1 :4 – 1 3

1. The life and light of men: 1:4

2. The light which shown in darkness: 1:5

3. The light of which John the Baptist gave witness: 1:6-8

4. The true light of man: 1:9

5. Not received by some: 1:10-11

6. Received by others: 1:12-13

C. Jesus in the flesh: 1:14-18

1. Born of God: 1:14

2. The Word was made flesh and lived among us: 1:14

3. John the Baptist gave witness of the Word made flesh: 1:15

D. Jesus, the fullness of God’s grace: 1:16-18

II. The witness of John: 1:19-34

A. To Jesus the Messiah: 1:19-28

l. The questioning: 1:19-22

2. The answer: 1:23

3. The questioners: 1:24

4. More questioning: 1:25

5. The answer: 1:26-27

6. The location of the dialogue: 1:28

B. To Jesus the Lamb and the Son: 1:29-36

l. The baptism: 1:29-34

2. The confession: 1:35-36

III. The first disciples : 1:35-51

A. Andrew: 1:34-40

B. Simon: 1:40-42

C. Philip : 1 : 4 3-44

D. Nathaniel: 1:45-51

Part Two: Public Ministry 2:1-12:50

I. Turning water into wine: 2:1-10

A. The setting: 2 :1

B. The participants: 2:2

C. The problem: 2:3-5

D. The miraculous solution: 2:6-11

II. Authority over the temple: 2:12-25

A. Transition to Jerusalem: 2:12-13

B. The cleansing of the temple: 2:14-22

l. The cleansing: 2:14-16

2. The disciples remember: 2:17

3. The prophecy: 2:18-21

4. The disciples remember: 2:22

C. Reaction to the cleansing: 2:23-25

III. Conversation with Nicodemus: 3:1-21

A. The setting: 3:1-2

B. The declaration: 3 :2

C. The response: 3 :3

D. The first question: 3 :4

E. The response: 3:5-8

F. The second question : 3:9

G. The response: 3:10-21

IV. Verification of Jesus by John the Baptist: 3:22-36

A. The setting: 3:22-24

B. The question: 3:25-26

C. The answer: 3:27-36

V. A mission among the Samaritans: 4:1-42

A. The setting in Samaria: 4:1-6

B. The witness to a woman: 4:7-26

C. The surprise of the disciples: 4:27

D. The witness of the woman in Samaria: 4:28-30

E. A vision for the disciples: 4:31-38

F. Results of the Samaritan mission: 4:39-42

VI. A miracle in Galilee: 4:43-54

A. Transition to Galilee: 4:43-45

B. Healing of a nobleman’s son: 4:46-54

VII. Sickness to health on the Sabbath: 5:1-47

A. Healing on the Sabbath: 5:1-9

B. The Jews and the man who was healed: 5:10-13

C. Jesus and the man who was healed: 5:14

D. The Jews and the man who was healed: 5:15-18

E. A sermon following the healing: 5:19-47

l. Jesus claims equality with God: 5:19-29

a. In works: 5:19-21

b. In resurrection: 5 : 2 1

c. In judgment: 5:22-29

d. In honor: 5:23

2. Witnesses to the divine claims of Jesus: 5:30-40

a. A witness to Himself: 5:30-32

b. John the Baptist: 5:33-35

c. The works of Jesus: 5:36

d. The Father: 5:37-38

e. The Scriptures: 5:39

3. Condemnation of unbelief: 5:40-47

VIII. Christ the Bread of Life: 6:1-15

A. The setting: 6:1-4

B. The problem: 6:5-7

C. The feeding of the five thousand: 6:8-13

D. Disappointing results: 6:14-15

IX. Fear into faith in the midst of a storm: 6:16-21

X. The sequel to the feeding of the 5,000: 6:22-71

A. The "five thousand" reassembled: 6:22-24

B. Dialogue on the Bread of Life: 6:25-71

l. The bread of Moses compared to that of Jesus: 6:25-34

2. The bread that nourishes eternal life: 6:35-40

3. The living bread from Heaven: 6:41-51

4. The bread of Christ’s death: 6:52-59

C. Results of the dialogue: 6:60-71

l. Many turned back: 6:60-66

2. Twelve were left: 6:67-71

XI. Jesus at the Jerusalem feast: 7:1-53

A. Journey to Jerusalem: 7:1-10

B. Jesus in Jerusalem: A controversial figure: 7:11-13

C. Inconsistency of the critics of Jesus: 7:14-24

D. Jesus: The object of speculation: 7:25-36

E. The proclamation of Jesus: 7:37-39

F. The divided crowd: 7:40-44

G. The divided council: 7:45-53

XII. Teaching in the temple: 8:1-59

A. The woman in adultery: 8:1-8:11

B. Jesus the light of the world: 8:12-20

C. Preview of the cross and reaction of the crowd: 8:21-30

D. The Jews and discipleship: 8:31-59

l. Freedom through knowledge of truth: 8:31-36

2. Sons of Abraham: 8:37-40

3. Sons of Satan: 8:41-47

4. A charge of demon possession: 8:48-52

E. Reaction to the teaching: Jesus versus Abraham: 8:52-59

XIII. Jesus heals a blind man: 9:1-41

A. Man blind from birth is healed: 9:1-7

B. Reaction of the blind man’s neighbors: 9:8-12

C. Reaction of the Pharisees: 9:13-34

l. Interview with the blind man: 9:13-17

2. Interview with his parents: 9:18-23

3. Another interview with the blind man: 9:24-34

D. The conclusion: Jesus, the blind man, and the Pharisees: 9:35-41

XIV. The pastoral dialogue: 10:1-42

A. The True Shepherd of the sheep: 10 :1-6

B. The Door to the sheep fold: 10:7-10

C. The Good Shepherd of the flock: 10:11-18

XV. Mounting hostility towards Jesus: 10:19-42

A. Division over demon possession: 10:19-21

B. A demand for plain talk: 10:22-24

C. Jesus’ response: 10:25-30

D. Execution for blasphemy is prevented: 10:31-39

E. Refuge beyond Jordan: 10:40-42

XVI. Death turned into life: 11:1-44

A. The setting: 11:1-6

B. The plan: 11:7-16

C. Dialogue on the significance of the event to follow: 11:17-27

D. The hopelessness of death: 11:28-39

E. The raising of Lazarus: 11:40-44

F. Results of the miracle: 11:45-12:11

l. Reaction of some who believed: 11:45

2. Reaction of the council: 11:46-53

3. Implications for the security of Jesus: 11:54-57

4. Anointed for death: 12:1 -8

5. Various reactions: 12:9-11

XVII. King Jesus: 12:12-50

A. Increasing popularity of the King: 12:12-19

B. The visit of the Greeks to the King: 12:20-22

C. The death of the King: 12:23-50

1. Prediction of the King’s death: 12:23-27

2. Assurance from the Father to the King: 12:28-30

3. Witness by the King: 12:30-36

4. Unbelief in the King: 12:37-43

5. Belief in the King: 12:44-50

Part Three: Private Ministry 13:1-17:26

I. The Last Supper: 13:1-38

A. An object lesson: Foot washing: 13:1-11

1. The occasion: 13 :1-3

2. The act: 13:4-5

3. The interpretation of the act: 13:6-17

B. Exposure of Judas: 13:18-30

C. Prediction of Jesus’ departure: 13:31-35

D. Prediction of Peter’s denials: 1 3:36-38

II. A message of preparation and comfort: 14:1-27

A. The preparation: 14:1-4

B. The way: 14:5-15

C. The Comforter: 14:16-21,26

D. Manifestation to His own: 14:22-31

III. Vital union with Jesus: 15:1-27

A. Union with the vine: 15:1-8

B. Union in love: 15:9-17

C. Disunion with the world: 15:18-25

D. Union with the Comforter: 15:26-27

IV. Preview of the future: 16:1-33

A. Coming persecution foretold: 16:1-6

B. The Comforter to come: 16:7-16

C. Prophecy of Christ’s return to Heaven: 16:16

D. The perplexed disciples: 16:17-19

E. Turning sorrow to joy: 16:20-30

F. Faith for the future: 16:31-33

V. The prayer of Jesus: 17:1-26

A. For Himself: 17:1-8

B. For His present disciples: 17:9-19

C. For His future followers: 17:20-26

Part Four: The Final Days 18:1-19:42

I. The capture: 18:1-14

A. Meeting in the Garden : 18:1

B. Betrayal of Judas: 18:2-3

C. The non-resistance of Jesus: 18:4-9

D. Violence waived by Jesus: 18:10-11

E. The departure to Annas: 18:12-14

II. Peter’s first denial : 1 8 :1 5 – 1 8

III. The hearing before Annas: 18:19-24

A. Testimony of defense: 18:19-21

B. Judgment by Annas: 18:22-24

IV. The second denial by Peter: 18:25-26

V. The third denial by Peter: 18:26-27

VI. The hearing before Pilate: 18:28-19:16

A. Public hearing: 18:28-32

B. Private hearing: 18:33-38

C. Barabbas: 18:38-40

D. Abuse by the Romans: 19:1-3

E. Death demanded: 19:4-8

F. Pardon rejected: 19:9-16

VII. The death of Jesus: 19:17-30

A. The crucifixion: 19:17-18

B. The obituary title: 19:19-22

C. A show of unconcern: 19:23-24

D. The bereaved: 19:25-27

E. The death of Jesus: 19:28-30

VIII. The burial: 19:31-42

A. Inspection of the body: 19:31-37

B. The burial: 19:38-42

Part Five: Resurrection And Appearances 20:1-21:23

I. The resurrection of Jesus: 20:1-31

A. The evidence of an open tomb: 20:1-10

B. The testimony of two messengers: 20:11-13

C. The witness of the risen Lord: 20:14-29

l. To Mary Magdalene: 20:14-18

2. To the disciples without Thomas: 20:19-25

3. To the disciples and Thomas: 20:26-29

D. A summary conclusion: 20:30-31

II. A meeting by the sea: 21:1-23

A. An unsuccessful night of fishing: 21:1-3

B. The solution of a Master Fisherman (Jesus): 21:4 -6

C. Breakfast with Jesus: 21:7-14

D. Reconfirmation of Peter: 21:15-19

E. Origin of a legend: That the disciple John would never die: 21:20-23

Conclusion 21:24-25

I. John is the disciple testifying and writing: 21:24

II. There are many other things Jesus did which are not recorded by John: 21:25